Embraer Phenom 100

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
EMB-500 Phenom 100
Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 AN1695056.jpg
Phenom 100 with gear and flaps deployed
Role Very light jet
Manufacturer Embraer
First flight 26 July 2007[1]
Status In production, in service
Produced December 2008–present
Number built 369 (as of 31 December 2018)[2]
Unit cost
US$4.495M (2018)[3]
Variants Embraer Phenom 300

The Embraer EMB-500 Phenom 100 is a very light jet developed by Brazilian aircraft manufacturer Embraer, type certificate is EMB-500.[4] As of April 2017, 350 were in service in 37 countries.[5]

Design[edit]

Airborne from below, clean configuration, showing its straight wing
Front view

The Phenom 100 has an oval fuselage with a 7.985 m³ (282 ft³) passenger cabin, a 1.47 m-high by 0.74 m-wide (4.5'x2.1') door and 1.2'x1' windows.[6] Its unpressurized cargo hold is 1.56 m³ (54.9ft³).[7] Its structural life is 28,000 flight cycles or 35,000 hours, and it is built of 20% composite materials.[7][8]

It has capacity for four passengers in its normal configuration, but it can carry up to seven passengers with a single crew, with an optional side-facing seat and belted toilet.[9] The cabin interior is designed by BMW DesignworksUSA.[10]

The aircraft is fitted with two rear-mounted Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617-F turbofan engines rated at a takeoff thrust of 7.2 kN (1,695 lb) to ISA+10 °C. The engines have dual full authority digital engine control (FADEC). An automatic performance reserve (APR) feature boosts engine output to 1,777 lb in the event of engine failure on takeoff.[11] Later model PW 617 F-E models have a ten-minute thrust rating at 1,820 lb.[12]

It has a maximum flying range of 1,178 nmi (2,182 km) with four occupants and NBAA IFR Reserves.[13]

Development[edit]

In April 2005 Embraer's board of directors approved the development of very light and light jets. On November 9, the company announced at the annual NBAA convention that the very light jet would be called the Phenom 100, and displayed a full-scale mock-up of the aircraft.

The aircraft first flew on July 26, 2007 at São José dos Campos, Brazil.[1] It was awarded a type certificate from Brazil's National Civil Aviation Authority on December 9, 2008[14] The first aircraft was delivered on December 24, 2008.

Variants[edit]

EMB-500
Embraer designation.[15]
Phenom 100
Initial production variant, marketing name for the EMB-500 with G1000 Avionics and two PW617F-E engines.[15]
Phenom 100E
Updated variant including multifunction spoilers.[16] Marketing name for the EMB-500 with G1000 avionics and PW617F-E engines and spoiler panels.[15]
Phenom 100EV Evolution
Weight savings and thrust increase from 1,695lb to 1,730lb shortening time to climb to 41,000ft from 33min to 25min and reducing takeoff distance at high-altitude and high-temperature airports from 6,609ft to 5,663ft, Garmin G3000 touch-screen flightdeck at a $4.495 million list price.[17] It was first delivered on March 31, 2017.[5] Marketing name for the EMB-500 with G3000 avionics and PW617F1-E engines.[15]
U-100
Brazilian military designation for two Phenom 100EVs.[18]

Operators[edit]

The aircraft is operated by private individuals, companies, fractionals, charter operators, aircraft management companies, and military operators.

Its 2009 price was US$ 3.6 million,[12] and US$4.16 million in 2015.[9] A Phenom 100 may cost around US$2–3/mile to operate.[19]

Military[edit]

 Brazil
 Pakistan
 United Kingdom
  • Royal Air Force - Operated as part of the UK Military Flying Training System. On 2 February 2016 the UK Ministry of Defence signed a contract KBR-Elbit Systems for the procurement and support of five Embraer Phenom 100 jets to train Royal Air Force and Royal Navy air crew until 2033.[21]

Aircraft deliveries[edit]

Embraer was originally planning to deliver 15 Phenom 100s in 2008 and 120–150 aircraft in 2009 but it eventually delivering only two aircraft in 2008 and had to reduce it's 2009 plan to 97 aircraft. Embraer had about 30 orders in late 2014.[22]

All Phenom assembly was to be shifted to the Melbourne, Florida line from July 2016. The facility will be able to assemble up to 96 Phenoms and 72 Embraer Legacy 450/Embraer Legacy 500 annually.[23] More than 170 Phenom jets have been produced at the site until June 2016, mainly for the US market.[24] The company had two production lines for the Phenom 100EV, the other in Brazil.[15] Brazilian production was replaced by the Melbourne line.[25]

Year 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Number of deliveries[2] 2 97 100 41 29 30 19 12 10 18 11

Incidents and accidents[edit]

On December 8, 2014, An Embraer Phenom 100 with tail number N100EQ crashed into a suburban home in Gaithersburg, Maryland, while on approach to runway at Montgomery County Airpark. Six people were killed, three in the plane, three in the home on the ground. The National Transportation Safety Board (NTSB) report said “had the ice protection been activated the pilot would have received an aural warning of impending stall about 20 seconds earlier.”[26][27] The NTSB report stated "Safety issues relate to the need for a system that provides automatic alerting when ice protection systems should be activated on turbofan airplanes that require a type rating and are certified for single-pilot operations and flight in icing conditions, such as the EMB-500; and the need for training for pilots of these airplanes beyond what is required to pass a check ride".[28] This was the first – and to date, only – fatal accident involving the Phenom 100.[26]

Specifications (Phenom 100EV)[edit]

Cabin
Phenom 100 cockpit

Data from Embraer Phenom 100EV brochure[29]

General characteristics

  • Crew: 1
  • Capacity: 5-7 passengers / 755 kg (1,664 lb) payload
  • Length: 12.82 m (42 ft 1 in)
  • Wingspan: 12.3 m (40 ft 4 in)
  • Height: 4.35 m (14 ft 3 in)
  • Empty weight: 3,275 kg (7,220 lb)
  • Max takeoff weight: 4,800 kg (10,582 lb) [4]
  • Fuel capacity: 1,272 kg (2,804 lb)[30]
  • Cabin height: 1.5 m (4 ft 11 in)[10]
  • Cabin length: 3.35 m (11 ft)[10]
  • Powerplant: 2 × Pratt & Whitney Canada PW617F1-E turbofan engines, 7.7 kN (1,730 lbf) thrust each at ISA + 8°C

Performance

  • Maximum speed: Mach 0.7
  • Cruise speed: 750 km/h (470 mph, 400 kn)
  • Minimum control speed: 180 km/h (110 mph, 97 kn)
  • Range: 2,182 km (1,356 mi, 1,178 nmi) (LRC, four 91 kg (200 lb) occupants, NBAA IFR reserves with 185 km (115 mi; 100 nmi) alternate)
  • Service ceiling: 12,497 m (41,001 ft)
  • Cabin altitude: 2,438 m (8,000 ft) at 12,497 m (41,000 ft)[8]
  • Take-off run: 975 m (3,199 ft) (MTOW, SL, ISA)
  • Landing run: 741 m (2,431 ft) (SL, ISA, four 91 kg (200 lb) occupants, NBAA IFR reserves with 185 km (115 mi; 100 nmi) alternate)
  • Hourly fuel burn(1,111 km (690 mi; 600 nmi) trip, four 91 kg (200 lb) occupants, NBAA IFR Reserves. SL Takeoff, ISA)[30]
    • 1st hour - 414 l/h (109 gal/h; 91 imp gal/h) (take-off and climb to cruise)
    • 2nd hour - 292 l/h (77 gal/h; 64 imp gal/h) (cruise)

Avionics
Embraer "Prodigy Touch" Flight Deck (based on Garmin G3000)

See also[edit]

Related development

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration, and era

Related lists

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "First Phenom 100 Executive Jet Performs Maiden Flight" (Press release). São José dos Campos: Embraer. 26 July 2007.
  2. ^ a b 2018 Annual Report (PDF) (Report). GAMA. March 31, 2019. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 24, 2019. Retrieved April 24, 2019.
  3. ^ "Purchase Planning Handbook" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week Network. May 2018.
  4. ^ a b "Type Certificate Data Sheet No. A59CE" (PDF). FAA. April 1, 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 15, 2016. Retrieved July 27, 2016.
  5. ^ a b "Embraer delivers the first Phenom 100 EV, the evolution of one of the industry's best-selling entry-level business jets" (Press release). Embraer. April 3, 2017. Archived from the original on April 5, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2017.
  6. ^ George, Fred (13 March 2015). "Pilot Report: Embraer Phenom 100E". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Archived from the original on 18 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  7. ^ a b Mike Gerzanics (9 February 2009). "Flight Test: Phenom 100 - building on a Legacy". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  8. ^ a b John Croft (12 May 2008). "Embraer Phenom 300: bolder big brother". London: Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  9. ^ a b "Business Jets Specification and Performance Data" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. May 2015. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-09-09. Retrieved 2015-08-12.
  10. ^ a b c Gerzanics, Mike (27 April 2010). "Flight Test: Embraer Phenom 300". Flightglobal. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  11. ^ "Embraer Phenom 100 Pilot Report" (PDF). Business & Commercial Aviation. Aviation Week. October 2008. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2016-11-02.
  12. ^ a b "Turbine Pilot: Thrill from Brazil". AOPA Pilot. June 1, 2009. Archived from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  13. ^ "Embraer Earns Phenom 100 Certification". Flying Magazine. March 9, 2009. Archived from the original on January 11, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  14. ^ John Croft (16 December 2008). "Brazil approves Phenom 100 very light jet". Flightglobal. Washington DC. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  15. ^ a b c d e "FAA Type Certificate Data Sheet A59CE EMB-500" (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. 12 May 2017.
  16. ^ Thomas A Horne (5 November 2014). "Phenom update". AOPA Pilot. p. T-15. Archived from the original on 4 November 2016. Retrieved 2 November 2016.
  17. ^ "Embraer unveils improved Phenom 100 Evolution". Flight Global. 27 July 2016. Archived from the original on 28 July 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  18. ^ a b Dominic Perry (28 October 2019). "Brazilian air force receives first Phenom 100EVs".
  19. ^ "Mission Costs for Turboprops Greater Than 12,500 lb., Jets Less Than 20,000 lb". Archived from the original on 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2015-09-04.
  20. ^ "This Week briefings". Flightglobal. 30 March 2009. Embraer Makes First Foray into Pakistan. Archived from the original on 16 August 2016. Retrieved 28 June 2016.
  21. ^ "UK Signs Major Deal for Military Aircraft, Training". Defense News. 2 February 2016.
  22. ^ George, Fred (20 October 2014). "Pilot Report: Flying Embraer's Phenom 100E". Aviation Week & Space Technology. Archived from the original on 21 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
  23. ^ Chad Trautvetter (2 June 2016). "Embraer Starts Legacy 450/500 Production in U.S." Aviation International News. Archived from the original on 11 June 2016. Retrieved 3 June 2016.
  24. ^ Kate Sarsfield (8 June 2016). "Embraer opens Legacy final assembly facility in Melbourne". Flightglobal. London. Archived from the original on 9 June 2016. Retrieved 8 June 2016.
  25. ^ Fred George (1 Nov 2016). "Pilot Report: Embraer Phenom 100 EV Third-Generation Light Jet". Aviation Week.
  26. ^ a b Croft, John (8 December 2014). "Phenom 100 Crash Is First Fatal For Light Jet". Aviation Week. Archived from the original on 7 May 2016. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  27. ^ Croft, John (9 December 2014). "NTSB: Stall Warning Sounded Before Phenom 100 Crash". Aviation Week. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  28. ^ "Aerodynamic Stall and Loss of Control During Approach Embraer EMB-500, N100EQ Gaithersburg, Maryland December 8, 2014" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. June 7, 2016. Accident Report. NTSB/AAR-16/01. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 4, 2016. Retrieved November 2, 2016.
  29. ^ "Phenom 100 brochure". Embraer. 12 July 2016. Archived from the original on 16 March 2016. Retrieved 27 July 2016.
  30. ^ a b "Phenom 100 executive jet performance". Embraer. Archived from the original on 2016-08-02. Retrieved 2016-07-27.

External links[edit]

External image
image icon Cutaway drawing of Phenom 100 from Flightglobal.com