Štefan Marko Daxner

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Štefan Marko Daxner (1864)

Štefan Marko Daxner, Hungarian: tóth-zabari Daxner István Márk (22 December 1822, Tiszolcz (German: Theißholz, Slovak: Tisovec), Gömör-Kis-Hont, Kingdom of Hungary, Austrian Empire – 11 April 1891, Tiszolc, Kingdom of Hungary) was an ethnic Slovak lower nobleman, politician, lawyer, and poet in the Kingdom of Hungary. He was a member of what became known as the Ľudovít Štúr generation.

His family (Hungarian: a Daxner család [de]) is an old lower noble family, which emigrated from Switzerland to the Kingdom of Hungary in the 14th century.


He studied at the Lutheran Lyceum (preparatory high school plus freshmen college) of Pressburg (Pozsony, today's Bratislava) and at the College of Prešov (Eperjes). Between 1846-72 he was a lawyer in Tisovec (Tiszolc), an official of several counties and an associate judge of the Commercial Court of Debrecen.

In 1847, just before the 1848-1849 Revolution, Daxner outlined a program unifying the requests for national (Slovak), cultural, political and social liberties. He was sentenced to death by Hungarian authorities in 1848, but was freed by the Austrian Imperial and Royal Army (which was fighting together with Slovaks against the Hungarians) and became a captain of Slovak volunteer campaigns during the 1848-1849 revolution. His German surnames and German blood ancestors became the most significant consideration by the Austrian Imperial to help him.

He was a co-author of the Slovak Requests of Liptovský Mikuláš (Liptószentmiklós, 1848), Requests of the Slovak Nation (1848), Memorandum of the Slovak Nation in 1861, and was one of the founders of the Matica slovenská (Slovak Foundation) in 1863. He was also a founder of the first Slovak Gymnasium in Revúca (Nagyrőce) in 1862.

He is buried at the National Cemetery in Martin (Turócszentmárton).


External links[edit]

Media related to Štefan Marko Daxner at Wikimedia Commons